Cultures and organizations: software of the mind – intercultural cooperation and its importance for survival


Named one of the top 20 most influential business thinkers of 2008 by The Wall Street Journal, business anthropologist Geert Hofstede has fully updated his classic work on how the place where we grew up shapes the way we think, feel, and act.

Since its original publication in 1991, Cultures and Organizations has been helping business leaders understand how people think as members of a group—which dramatically increases managers’ effectiveness leading and developing cross-cultural workforces. This groundbreaking work reveals:

  • The unexamined rules behind the thoughts and emotions of people of different cultures
  • Ways in which cultures differ in the areas of  collectivism/individualism, assertiveness/modesty, tolerance for ambiguity, and deferment of gratification
  • How organizational cultures differ from national cultures, and how they can be managed

New material in this expanded third edition includes the latest data from the author’s ongoing field research and new insight into how cultural factors contributed to the current economic situation.

Cultures and Organizations offers managers practical solutions for solving conflict between different groups and turning cultural differences to their advantage.


About Giorgio Bertini

Director at Learning Change Project - Research on society, culture, art, neuroscience, cognition, critical thinking, intelligence, creativity, autopoiesis, self-organization, rhizomes, complexity, systems, networks, leadership, sustainability, thinkers, futures ++
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