Since the emergence of Homo erectus 2 million years ago, humans remained hunter-gatherers till 10,000 years ago. During this long period of 2 million years, humans learned to tame fire, hunt, make better stone tools, and explore new territories. Homo erectus originated in Africa and scattered around other continents. The dispersal of Homo erectus was not a result of mass migrations, it was a slow process which happened over thousands of years as small bands shifted to new territories. It must have taken such a band to reach China from Africa 20,000 years. Homo erectus evolved into various other Homo species at different places, for example, it evolved into Neanderthals in Europe. In Africa, it evolved into Homo sapiens around 200,000 years ago.
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