Category Archives: Cognition

Cognition in Practice: Mind, Mathematics and Culture in everyday life

Most previous research on human cognition has focused on problem-solving and has confined its investigations to the laboratory.  As a result, it has been difficult to account for complex mental processes and their place in culture and history. In this … Continue reading

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The Origin of Cultural Differences in Cognition

A large body of research documents cognitive differences between Westerners and East Asians. Westerners tend to be more analytic and East Asians tend to be more holistic. These findings have often been explained as being due to corresponding differences in … Continue reading

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Language, Culture, Cognition – How Do They Intersect?

This chapter approaches the question of how languages shape cognition in terms of language use and examine differences in the accessibility of specific linguistic categories across different languages. Here we take a position espoused by Kay. He points out that … Continue reading

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The effect of Culture on Perception and Cognition: A conceptual framework

Researchers are increasingly recognizing the role of culture as a source of variation in many phenomena of central importance to consumer research. This review addresses a gap in cross-cultural consumer behavior literature by providing a review and conceptual analysis of the effects … Continue reading

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Cultural, Cognition and Human Action

To understand culture and cultural evolution we must abandon the atomized and anonymous social environment of neoclassical economics. Culture is a product and a cause of the socialized nature of human action. Examination of the phylogenetic and ontogenetic neural mechanisms … Continue reading

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Cultural Influences on Memory

Research reveals dramatic differences in the ways that people from different cultures perceive the world around them. Individuals from Western cultures tend to focus on that which is object-based, categorically related, or self-relevant whereas people from Eastern cultures tend to … Continue reading

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Everyday Cognition: Development in Social Context

Everyday Cognition: Development in Social Context In Everyday Cognition leading scholars in developmental psychology, cognitive science, and anthropology have joined forces to examine how thinking and cognitive development are influenced by social context. John Seely Brown, Michael Cole, Herbert P. … Continue reading

Posted in Activity theory, Children, Cognition, Culture, Development, Dialogical learning, Informal learning, Rogoff, Situated learning, Sociocultural, Vygotsky | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

The Space for Culture and Cognition

While neuroscientists, cognitive anthropologists, and behavioral psychologists have begun to examine the dialectical relationship between space and cognition, sociologists have remained curiously silent. Sociologists concede that cognition affects our relationship to space, but seem less willing to explore how space … Continue reading

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Relationship between approaches to Cognition in Cultural Sociology

In this paper we attempt to characterize the key differences and points of convergence between two contemporary approaches to the relationship between culture and cognition in sociology which we label the toolkit and strong practice theory perspectives. We follow recent … Continue reading

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The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition

Michael Tomasello argues that the roots of the human capacity for symbol-based culture, and the kind of psychological development that takes place within it, are based in a cluster of uniquely human cognitive capacities that emerge early in human ontogeny. … Continue reading

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