Category Archives: Cultural differences

Holistically versus analytically: Comparing the the context sensitivity of Japanese and Americans.

Much research indicates that East Asians, more than Americans, explain events with reference to the context. The authors examined whether East Asians also attend to the context more than Americans do. In Study 1, Japanese and Americans watched animated vignettes … Continue reading

Posted in Cross-cultural psychology, Cross-cultural research, Cultural differences | Tagged , , | Comments Off on Holistically versus analytically: Comparing the the context sensitivity of Japanese and Americans.

Four lessons for operating in a different cultural environment

What does it take to operate successfully in a university located in a different culture? I am an Indian academician working in the Middle-East, specifically in the Sultanate of Oman and share four lessons about teaching and working in a … Continue reading

Posted in Cultural differences | Tagged | Comments Off on Four lessons for operating in a different cultural environment

Cultural differences in emotional responses to success and failure

The emotional responses to achievement contexts of 149 preschool children from three cultural groups were observed. The children were Japanese (N = 32), African American (N = 63) and White American of mixed European ancestry (N = 54). The results … Continue reading

Posted in Cultural differences, failure | Tagged , | Comments Off on Cultural differences in emotional responses to success and failure

Big Data on the Roman Table

In archaeological terms, the Roman period is exceptionally data rich. Most people are familiar with iconic monuments like Hadrian’s Wall and the city of Pompeii. Yet infinitely more important for understanding people’s lives across the Roman world are millions of … Continue reading

Posted in Big data, Cultural context, Cultural differences, Cultural traditions | Tagged , , , | Comments Off on Big Data on the Roman Table

On the Cultural Origins of Self-esteem

Several theories propose that self-esteem, or positive self-regard, results from fulfilling the value priorities of one’s surrounding culture. Yet, surprisingly little evidence exists for this assertion, and theories differ about whether individuals must personally endorse the value priorities involved. We … Continue reading

Posted in Cultural context, Cultural differences, Culture, Self, Self-esteem | Tagged , , , , | Comments Off on On the Cultural Origins of Self-esteem

The Geography of Thought: How Asians and Westerners Think Differently

A few years back, a brilliant student from China began to work with me on questions of social psychology and reasoning. One day early in our acquaintance, he said, “You know, the difference between you and me is that I … Continue reading

Posted in Cross-cultural psychology, Cultural complexity, Cultural differences, Cultural diversity, Cultural practices, Culture | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Culture and the Self – Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation

People in different cultures have strikingly different construals of the self, of others, and of the interdependence of the two. These construals can influence, and in many cases determine, the very nature of individual experience, including cognition, emotion, and motivation. … Continue reading

Posted in Cognition, Cultural cognition, Cultural differences, Cultural evolution, Culture, Emotions, Self | Tagged , , , , , , | Comments Off on Culture and the Self – Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation

The Origin of Cultural Differences in Cognition

A large body of research documents cognitive differences between Westerners and East Asians. Westerners tend to be more analytic and East Asians tend to be more holistic. These findings have often been explained as being due to corresponding differences in … Continue reading

Posted in Cognition, Cognitive differences, Cultural cognition, Cultural differences, Culture | Tagged , , , , | Comments Off on The Origin of Cultural Differences in Cognition

Understanding Cultural differences in Human Behavior – a Cultural Neuroscience approach

Cultural differences in human behavior have been widely documented and interpreted by various psychological theories that emphasize cognitive or affective mechanisms. However, it remains a challenge to provide a coherent neuroscience understanding of culturally discrepant behaviors. Cultural neuroscience research has … Continue reading

Posted in Cultural differences, Cultural neuroscience, Culture, Human behavior | Tagged , , , | Comments Off on Understanding Cultural differences in Human Behavior – a Cultural Neuroscience approach

Wired for Culture: The Natural History of Human Cooperation

What explains the staggering diversity of cultures in the world? Why are there so many languages, even within small areas? Why do we rejoice in rituals and wrap ourselves in flags? In Wired for Culture Mark Pagel, the world’s leading … Continue reading

Posted in Cooperation, Cultural development, Cultural differences, Cultural diversity, Culture, Human evolution, Human intelligence | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment