Tag Archives: ancient

Evidence of early human innovation, pushing back evolutionary timeline

Anthropologists at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History and an international team of collaborators have discovered that early humans in East Africa had–by about 320,000 years ago–begun trading with distant groups, using color pigments and manufacturing more sophisticated tools … Continue reading

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Cave from East Africa shows early Cultural Innovations

An international, interdisciplinary group of scholars working along the East African coast have discovered a major cave site which records substantial activities of hunter-gatherers and later, Iron Age communities. Detailed environmental research has demonstrated that human occupations occur in a … Continue reading

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Clay tablets from the cradle of civilisation provide new insight to the history of medicine

Ancient “doctors” mixed magic and medicine to heal patients.  Before the Greeks excelled in science and philosophy, the culture was blooming in Mesopotamia, located between the Euphrates River and the Tigris River in present-day Iraq. This region, known as the cradle … Continue reading

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Medicine in Antiquity: From ancient temples to Roman logistics

A showdown with religious dogmas, an early scientific approach, and diligent use of plants were some of the ingredients of ancient medicine. Welcome aboard a historic journey to Greek temples, body fluids, and Roman hygiene. We usually regard the Greek … Continue reading

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Humans Migrated Out of Africa to Escape Drying Climate

Ancient humans left Africa to escape a drying climate, about 60,000 years ago — a finding that contradicts previous suggestions that humens were able to leave because a then-wet climate allowed them to cross the generally arid Horn of Africa … Continue reading

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Social and reproductive behavior of Paleolithic humans

Early humans seem to have recognized the dangers of inbreeding at least 34,000 years ago and developed surprisingly sophisticated social and mating networks to avoid it, new research has found. The study, reported in the journal Science, examined genetic information … Continue reading

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A New History of the First Peoples in the Americas

The miracle of modern genetics has revolutionized the story anthropologists tell about how humans spread out across the Earth. Europeans arriving in the New World met people all the way from the frozen north to the frozen south. All had … Continue reading

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How Agriculture was Invented During the Stone Age

It is believed that women were the “inventors” of agriculture, as they began applying observations to their gathering in order to maximize their returns. Plant varieties were chosen for their nutritional value and ease of production, and locations were chosen … Continue reading

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Famous doctors from the ancient world

Drastic advances in science have caused past medical practices to become not only antiquated but often shocking. Although brilliant medical insights are peppered throughout history, many dated practices are more curious than insightful. From an early take on chemical warfare … Continue reading

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The Lost Knowledge of the Ancients

1500 years ago, people generally believed that the earth was flat and rectangular. However, as early as the 6th century BC Greek philosopher Pythagoras theorized that the Earth must be a sphere and in the 3rd century BC the Greek … Continue reading

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