Tag Archives: culture

Human evolution: why we’re more than great apes

Palaeoanthropologists have used the anatomical signs of bipedalism to identify our earli­est ancestors, demonstrating our shared genetic heritage with great apes. However, despite this shared history, human evolution set out on a trajectory that has led to significant distinctions from … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Cultural change, Culture, Human evolution | Tagged , , ,

The Cultural power of Tacit Knowledge: Inarticulacy and Bourdieu’s habitus

Tacit knowledge, or knowledge that is inarticulate or unarticulated, lies at the heart of all cultural life, and is exercised in dull and repetitive activities that constitute the heart of daily existence. It seems without much character or importance, but … Continue reading

Posted in Cuisine, Tacit knowlege | Tagged ,

Cognitive Culture – Theoretical and Empirical insights into Social Learning Strategies

Research into social learning (learning from others) has expanded significantly in recent years, not least because of productive interactions between theoretical and empirical approaches. This has been coupled with a new emphasis on learning strategies, which places social learning within … Continue reading

Posted in Cognition, Cognitive culture, Culture, Social cognition, Social learning, Strategy | Tagged , , , , ,

Culture shapes the Evolution of Cognition

A central debate in cognitive science concerns the nativist hypothesis, the proposal that universal features of behavior reflect a biologically determined cognitive substrate: For example, linguistic nativism proposes a domain-specific faculty of language that strongly constrains which languages can be … Continue reading

Posted in Cognition, Culture, Evolution, Language, Nativism | Tagged , , , ,

Population Size does not explain Past Changes in Cultural Complexity

Archaeologists have long tried to understand why cultural complexity often changed in prehistory. Recently, a series of highly influential formal models have suggested that demography is the key factor. According to these models, the size of a population determines its … Continue reading

Posted in Cultural complexity, Cultural development, Cultural evolution, Culture, Demography, Evolution, Population | Tagged , , , , , ,

On the Cultural Origins of Self-esteem

Several theories propose that self-esteem, or positive self-regard, results from fulfilling the value priorities of one’s surrounding culture. Yet, surprisingly little evidence exists for this assertion, and theories differ about whether individuals must personally endorse the value priorities involved. We … Continue reading

Posted in Cultural context, Cultural differences, Culture, Self, Self-esteem | Tagged , , , ,

The Geography of Thought: How Asians and Westerners Think Differently

A few years back, a brilliant student from China began to work with me on questions of social psychology and reasoning. One day early in our acquaintance, he said, “You know, the difference between you and me is that I … Continue reading

Posted in Cross-cultural psychology, Cultural complexity, Cultural differences, Cultural diversity, Cultural practices, Culture | Tagged , , , , ,

Culture and the Self – Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation

People in different cultures have strikingly different construals of the self, of others, and of the interdependence of the two. These construals can influence, and in many cases determine, the very nature of individual experience, including cognition, emotion, and motivation. … Continue reading

Posted in Cognition, Cultural cognition, Cultural differences, Cultural evolution, Culture, Emotions, Self | Tagged , , , , , ,

The Oxford Handbook of Human Development and Culture

The aim of this handbook is to provide an in-depth and comprehensive synopsis of theory and research on human development, with every chapter drawing together findings from cultures around the world. This includes a focus on cultural change and globalization. … Continue reading

Posted in Cultural anthropology, Cultural development, Culture, Human development | Tagged , , ,

The Cultural Nature of Human Development

Three-year-old Kwara’ae children in Oceania act as caregivers of their younger siblings, but in the UK, it is an offense to leave a child under age 14 years without adult supervision. In the Efe community in Zaire, infants routinely use … Continue reading

Posted in Cultural development, Cultural learning, Cultural practices, Culture, Human development, Humans | Tagged , , , , ,